I use sociological and demographic approaches to study the sources and implications of educational stratification. Selected topics include:
Special Education Inequalities
While many people think of disability as a permanent, intrinsic, personal characteristic, my work on special education placement demonstrates that children’s pre-school experiences, family backgrounds, the languages they speak, the schools they attend, and the classmates with whom they are surrounded all influence their likelihood of being diagnosed with a learning-related disability. Findings from this project have appeared in Sociology of Education, Social Forces, Harvard Educational Review, The Journal of Special Education, and Learning Disabilities Quarterly.
Immigration and Educational Inequality
With over a quarter of school-aged children in the U.S. currently living in immigrant households, it is essential that public schools effectively serve this large and growing segment of the American population. In recent decades, immigrants to the Unites States have become increasingly geographically dispersed across a growing number of new immigrant gateway destinations. These communities lack the strong immigrant social networks and culturally responsive institutions typical of established gateway communities, creating challenges for immigrants seeking access to important institutional resources, including high-quality education.
With support from the William T. Grant Foundation, I am investigating the connections between local immigration trends and student access to special education, gifted/talented, and English language acquisition services. This project involves quantitative and qualitative studies that will: 1) evaluate the extent to which ethnoracial, linguistic, and immigrant–native inequalities in special service provision are shaped by communities’ immigration contexts; 2) assess the relationship between local demographic contexts and the adoption of school district policies and practices aimed at mitigating these inequalities; and 3) identify the most salient opportunities and obstacles facing educators in their efforts to secure first and second generation children’s access to special education services.
With Matt Hall, I am examining the educational consequences of large-scale immigration for children, communities, and school systems. Findings from this project have been published in Social Problems, Population Research and Policy Review, and presented at meetings of the Population Association of America, the American Sociological Association, and The American Educational Research Association.
School Readiness and Early Educational Stratification
Children’s early years play a crucial role in establishing achievement trajectories that carry them through high school and beyond. Understanding the sources of early-life academic disparities is thus an essential component of efforts to equalize educational and life opportunities among children from diverse backgrounds. My collaborative work in this area has appeared in the Journal of Early Childhood Research, Twin Research and Human Genetics, Sociological Studies of Children & Youth, and the edited volume Being Unready for School: Factors Affecting Risk and Resilience.
Education Expansion and Social Change in Contemporary China
Chinese society has recently witnessed unprecedented expansion of higher education opportunities, with the number of college graduates nearly tripling over just seven years between 2003 and 2010. What are the consequences of this immense, rapid shift in the number of college-educated individuals in the world’s most populous nation? With Anning Hu, I am investigating the implications of China’s higher education expansion for social equality, individual health and happiness, and the science- and technology-based workforce. Findings from this project have been published in Social Science Research , Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, and The Social Science Journal (1, 2).